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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 6, Special Issue 6 (2017)

Growth and yield of wheat and mustard as influenced by recommended doses of fertilizer and intercropping with citronella (Cymbopogan winterianus)

Author(s):

Rahul Kumar Mishra and Vinay Singh

Abstract:
A field experiment was carried out during rabi season, 2015-16 at Students Instructional Farm C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur to study Growth and Yield of Wheat and Mustard as Influenced by Recommended Doses of Fertilizer and Intercropping with citronella (Cymbopogan winterianus). The experiment was laid out in Randomized block design with 9 treatment of cropping systems with 3 fertility levels i.e. [Sole citronella, Sole Wheat, Sole Mustard, Citronella + Wheat (100%RDF), citronella + Wheat (75%RDF), citronella + Wheat (50%RDF), citronella + Mustard (100%RDF), citronella + Mustard (75%RDF), citronella + Mustard (50%RDF)], were replicated thrice. Significant variation was observed for number of tiller per plant, plant height at 30 DAS and 60 DAS, weight of grain per spike, weight of spike per plant and biological yield of wheat. The maximum no. of tiller per plant (6.33), weight of spike per plant (10.00 g) and biological yield (84.11 q/ha) was recorded in sole wheat, whereas plant height at 30 DAS (28.10 cm), plant height at 60 DAS (67.33 cm), weight of grain per spike (58.00 g) was recorded maximum in citronella+ wheat 100% RDF. The data on dry weight of shoot and harvest index was found to be non-significant. The maximum dry weight of shoot (2.50 g) was recorded in citronella+ wheat 100% RDF and harvest index (44.58) was recorded in citronella + wheat 50% RDF. In case of mustard significant variation was observed for the plant height at maturity, number of seed/sillique, seed yield, and stalk yield, whereas data on plant population and test weight of mustard was found to be non-significant. Maximum plant height at maturity (147.67 cm), number of seed/sillique (10.67), seed yield (13.85 q/ha), stalk yield (44.53 q/ha) and test weight (4.00 g) was observed in case of sole mustard, whereas maximum plant population (6.67) was observed in citronella + mustard 100% RDF

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How to cite this article:
Rahul Kumar Mishra and Vinay Singh. Growth and yield of wheat and mustard as influenced by recommended doses of fertilizer and intercropping with citronella (Cymbopogan winterianus). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2017;6(6S):776-778.

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