Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 7, Special Issue 1 (2018)
Genetically modified food trade: A case study of India
Kusumakar Gautam and Saket Kushwaha
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have the potential to raise agricultural productivity in developing countries, but they are also associated with the risk of market access losses in sensitive importing countries. GM crops (rice, wheat, maize, soybeans, and cotton) are resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses, such as drought-resistant and insect pest resistance. Labelling is one of the key Issues by which will separate supply chain of GM and Non-GM that coexist in food trade. In Europe & some countries labelling is mandatory up to a threshold GM content level or in some countries it is voluntary like Canada and USA. There are multiplicity of organizations and ministries dealing in GM issues. FSSAI is food safety regulatory and monitoring body. Its main role is formulation of food safety standards based on modern science and to regulate the food sector. Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC) is another important organisation for recommending commercial GM product for production, sale, import or use by Rule 11 of Rules 89. Besides environment safety tests, the GEAC requires extensive food safety tests for new GM products like food stuffs, ingredients in food stuffs and additives including processing aids containing or consisting of GMOs. This paper studies the present situation of GM crops, its use, trade, traceability and trade regulation, GM food assessment regulation in India
Pages: 2272-2282 | 2737 Views 911 Downloads
Kusumakar Gautam and Saket Kushwaha. Genetically modified food trade: A case study of India. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(1S):2272-2282.