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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Special Issue 1 (2018)

Achievements and constraints of successful women dairy farmer: A case study

Author(s):

Dharmendra Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh and Kumari Sharda

Abstract:
To promote the women dairy farmers, the present study was conducted on dairy farm to know the constraints and achievements of successful women dairy farmers in Banka district. The successful women dairy farmers of Banka district were interviewed personally using standard procedure with pre-module questionnaires. In 2007 Smt. Savita devi purchased one three-month pregnant cow yielding 7 kg/day from nearby villages. But in two days cow came in heat. They contacted with Veterinary doctor and applied deworming and regular feeding of 50g mineral mixture then after two consecutive AI cow became pregnant. It is first step of moral boost up and successful step for starting dairy farmers. Then the cows were regularly dewormed/3 month and feeding mineral mixture 100g and 200g /day/animals cow yielding up to 20 kg and more than 20kg milk/day, respectively. For more milk production she started balanced feeding and all standard managemental practices with the help of expert. After achieving milk production more than 40kg/day she linked with milk cooperative society, Banka with 9 female farmers. Today collection of this society is more than 275kg and out of 53 households 39 household having 1 or 2 cross bred cow. They regularly applied spray of potassium permagnet solution after milking to prevent from mastitis. Today, having 14 lactating cow lactation period and calving interval (month) was 11.4±0.4 and 13.4±0.4, respectively yielding average 4923 kg/lactation, cost of milk production, concentrate feeding, dry feeding, total feeding, treatment and labour/kg milk yield was Rs 17.00, 9.88, 2.14, 13.84, 0.33 and 2.79 respectively and net income (Rs) farm/year and cow/month was 5, 75,412 and 3,4,25, respectively. Average concentrate feeding was 2209 kg/ inter-calving period (ICP), 5.54± 0.17 kg/day/animal and 41 % of total feed intake. She was fed 4kg concentrate to last 2 month pregnant cow. Urea treated straw feeding was 6.8± 0.2 kg/ day/animal with Concentrate and roughage ratio was 41: 59. Total feed intake was 13kg/day/animal. Urea treatment of straw (UTS) costing average 0.84 Rs/kg and feeding of UST decreased the concentrate requirement by 20% saving average 8503Rs/Inter calving period/cow. UTS also prevent the decrease in milk yield by 10% when green fodder was not available. Costing of Silage making was 0.72Rs/kg and feeding of silage increased the milk yield and net income by 10% and 10,516Rs/Animal/ year, respectively. Cost of calf and heifer rearing up to first parturition was Av. 25295Rs. From this study it can be concluded that the dairy farming could be a profitable entrepreneurship for rural women when farming with technology of deworming, feeding mineral mixture, UTS, silage and regular marketing with cooperative societies.

Pages: 2740-2743  |  1201 Views  270 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Dharmendra Kumar, Rajesh Kumar, Manoj Kumar Singh and Kumari Sharda. Achievements and constraints of successful women dairy farmer: A case study. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(1S):2740-2743.

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