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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Special Issue 1 (2018)

Effect of diversification and intensification of rice-wheat cropping system on weed dynamics in different vegetable based crop sequences in Nalanda District of South Bihar

Author(s):

Santosh Kumar Chaudhary, Sushil Kumar Yadav, Dilip Kumar Mahto and Neha Sinha

Abstract:
An experiment was conducted at Nalanda College of Horticulture, Noorsarai, Nalanda during three consecutive years of 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-2015 to study weed flora and dynamics in different crop sequences. The experiment was laid down in Randomized Block Design with three replications. There were eight crop sequences have been taken for study. Weed flora of different crops in all three seasons have been counted (m<sup>-2</sup>). Various observations were recorded on pattern of weed infestation in various crops under different cropping systems at 25 days after sowing/planting. Among all the crop sequences, maize-potato-onion reported highest number of weed population (636 m<sup>-2</sup>) followed by okra-cauliflower-sponge gourd (599 m<sup>-2</sup>) and onion-onion-bottle gourd (583 m<sup>-2</sup>) during first year of investigation. But, in third year, the maize-potato-onion recorded (437), followed by okra-cauliflower-sponge gourd (397 m<sup>-2</sup>) and onion-onion-bottle gourd (293 m<sup>-2</sup>). Among weeds <em>Cyperus rotundus </em>was reported major in all crop sequences in all three seasons followed by <em>Coronopus didymus</em> in rabi and <em>Phyllanthus</em> <em>Eclipta</em> and <em>Amaranthus</em> in <em>Kharif</em> and <em>Zaid </em>season. It is concluded that <em>Cyperus rotundus,</em> being perennial is major dominant weed in all the crop sequences, while, <em>Coronopus</em>, <em>Phyllanthus</em>, <em>Eclipta </em>and<em> Amaranthus</em> spp. being annuals can be reduced by growing crop sequences <em>viz.,</em> onion-onion-bottlegourd, okra-cauliflower-sponge gourd and okra-cabbage-bottle gourd by inter culture operations.

Pages: 3258-3260  |  1258 Views  236 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Santosh Kumar Chaudhary, Sushil Kumar Yadav, Dilip Kumar Mahto and Neha Sinha. Effect of diversification and intensification of rice-wheat cropping system on weed dynamics in different vegetable based crop sequences in Nalanda District of South Bihar. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(1S):3258-3260.

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