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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Special Issue 2 (2018)

Assessment of physicochemical properties of minor fruits (aonla, bael, ber, jackfruit and kaitha)

Author(s):

Anil Kumar, Pratibha Singh and Mahesh Singh

Abstract:
Physicochemical and nutritive evaluation of five minor fruit germplasms/varieties i.e Aonla (NA<sub>6</sub> and NA<sub>7</sub>), Bael (NB<sub>5 </sub>and NB<sub>9</sub>), Ber (Karaka and Umran), Jackfruit (NJ<sub>2</sub> and NJ<sub>3</sub>) and Kaitha (K<sub>1</sub> and K<sub>2</sub>) resulted a slight variation within two varieties of each fruit pertaining to size of fruit, peel/shell per cent and pulp per cent. Specific gravity was higher in Ber-U (Ber- Umran) (0.99%) followed by Ber- K (Ber- Karaka), K<sub>1</sub>, K<sub>2</sub> and NA<sub>7</sub> (0.98%). Minimum specific gravity was recorded in NJ<sub>2</sub> (0.46%). Biochemical investigation of minor fruits, resulted a slight variation within two germplasms/varieties of each fruit pertaining to total mineral content, protein content and crude fibre. Total mineral content was higher in NB<sub>5</sub> (1.73 g/100g) followed by NB9 (1.71 g/100g) and minimum total mineral content were noticed in K<sub>1.</sub>Protein and crude fibre was maximum in K<sub>2</sub> (6.92 g/100g) and NB<sub>5</sub> (6.38 g/100g). Lowest protein and crude fibre content were found in NA<sub>6</sub> (0.53 g/100g) and NA<sub>7</sub> (1.20 g/100g).On the whole germplasms/varieties Aonla (NA<sub>6</sub> and NA<sub>7</sub>), Bael (NB<sub>5 </sub>and NB<sub>9</sub>), Ber (Karaka and Umran), Jackfruit (NJ<sub>2</sub> and NJ<sub>3</sub>) and Kaitha (K<sub>1</sub> and K<sub>2</sub>) were found best in terms of qualitative as well as physicochemical and nutritive evaluation.

Pages: 05-09  |  2058 Views  417 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Anil Kumar, Pratibha Singh and Mahesh Singh. Assessment of physicochemical properties of minor fruits (aonla, bael, ber, jackfruit and kaitha). J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(2S):05-09.

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