Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 7, Special Issue 3 (2018)
A review of conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plant with special reference of <em>Tecomella undulata</em> (Sm.) Seem.
Dr. Puneshwar Keshari and Dr. Pradeep
<strong>Introduction-</strong> The north-western part of India is occupied by a desert ecosystem, the Thar Desert; having 682 plant species and 390 animal species. Many plant and animal species have become endangered due to zoogenic and anthropogenic activities, and <em>Tecomella undulata </em>is one of them. In Ayurveda classics it is known as Rohitaka and used mainly for <em>Yakritpleeha Roga</em> (Liver and spleenic disorders). <em>Tecomella undulata </em>is also used for treating syphilis, gonorrhea etc. and proved as Anti-HIV, antibacterial, antimicrobial, immune modulator, analgesic etc. Despite the great importance of <em>T. undulata </em>as economical, ethno botanical and medicinally important tree, attempts for its conservation, sustainable utilization and genetic improvement, are lacking. <strong>Material & Methods-</strong> Different literatures, journals & internet media were used for collecting information regarding the topic. <strong>Result-</strong> <em>In vitro </em>clonal propagation of <em>Tecomella undulata </em>has been reported by various workers through seedling. However, <em>in vitro </em>propagation through seedling has limitation. <em>In vitro </em>shoot cultures from nodal explants of mature trees were established and multiplied as reported. However, tissue culture protocol remains ineffective due to lack of reproducible rooting methods. Therefore, there is a need of improvement in shoot multiplication and long-term sub-culturing and better knowledge of root induction in this species. <strong>Conclusion-</strong> <em>Tecomella undulata </em>is one among endangered plant species found in Thar Desert. For its conservation and sustainable use we have to adopt proper method of conservation. Propagation through seedlings takes more time so in-vitro shoot multiplication and sub- culturing methods can be applied.
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Dr. Puneshwar Keshari and Dr. Pradeep. A review of conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plant with special reference of <em>Tecomella undulata</em> (Sm.) Seem.. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3S):09-13.