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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Special Issue 3 (2018)

Medicinal and nutritional importance of bitter melon (<em>Momordica charantia</em> L): A review article

Author(s):

Shubha AS, Devaraju, Sharavati MB, Srinivasa V, Kantharaj Y, Ravi CS, Akshay Angadi, Yallesh kumar HS and Shanwaz Ahmed

Abstract:
<em>Momordica charantia</em> (bitter gourd; family Cucurbitaceae) is an important medicinal vegetable crop, mostly found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, tropical Africa, Middle East and America. Bitter melon has been used as a folk remedy for tumors, asthma, skin infections and hypertension. The plant has been used as a traditional medicine in China, India, Africa, and the south-eastern US. It has a non-nitrogenous neutral principle charantin, and on hydrolysis gives glucose and a sterol. The fruit pulp has soluble pectin but no free pectic acid. Galacturonic acid is also obtained from the flesh. Bitter gourd is rich in nutrients like thiamine, beta-carotene, folate, riboflavin, and minerals like calcium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, potassium, magnesium, zinc and dietary fiber. Regular use of bitter gourd juice boosts body stamina and prevents chronic fatigue. The beta-carotene content in bitter gourd helps in controlling eye disorders and enhances eyesight. Bitter melon has Anti-Tumor, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-oxidant, Ant diabetic, Hypo-lipidemic and Hypo-glycaemic properties.

Pages: 297-300  |  6449 Views  4389 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Shubha AS, Devaraju, Sharavati MB, Srinivasa V, Kantharaj Y, Ravi CS, Akshay Angadi, Yallesh kumar HS and Shanwaz Ahmed. Medicinal and nutritional importance of bitter melon (<em>Momordica charantia</em> L): A review article. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(3S):297-300.

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