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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 7, Special Issue 4 (2018)

Antimicrobial activity and chemical profiling of <em>Cinnamoum tamala</em> essential oil from Uttarakhand region of India

Author(s):

Radha Tyagi

Abstract:
Nowadays, antimicrobial resistance is one of the major problem thus this study was made to finding the chemical composition and antimicrobial effects of essential oil of <em>Cinnamomum tamala </em>for the development of natural antimicrobial drugs without any side effects. <em>Cinnamomum tamala </em>(Indian Bay Leaf) or Nees Ebern, is an important traditional medicinal plant used for the treatment of infectious disease, mentioned in various ancient literatures such as Ayurveda. The Essential oil (EO), (volatile oil) is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds, which obtained from the air dried leaves of <em>C. tamala </em>was analysed by capillary GC-MS and contained 15 components. In which, Linalool (36.71%), Cinnamaldehyde (30.71%) and DL-Limonene (7.39%) were major components used to determine the antimicrobial activity. EO from air dried leaves were highly effective against <em>Staphlococcusaures, Bacillus cereus </em>associated with bacterial disease and <em>Yeast, Candia albicans </em>associated with fungal disease. The antimicrobial activity of EO was determined by disc diffusion method, broth dilution method and assessed by the determination of MIC and MBC. This paper of reviews the literature published over the last 10-15 years regarding the antimicrobial effects of essential of <em>C. tamala</em>. In addition, a brief summary of the history, traditional uses, antimicrobial effects and clinical impact of <em>C. tamala</em> is provided. From the present work it can be concluded that <em>C. tamla</em> (Tejpat) can prove to be good source of herbal drugs there by aiding to explore an antimicrobial lead that is helpful in combating the disease cause by pathogenic bacterial and fungal species.

Pages: 60-67  |  1297 Views  282 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Radha Tyagi. Antimicrobial activity and chemical profiling of <em>Cinnamoum tamala</em> essential oil from Uttarakhand region of India. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(4S):60-67.