Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 7, Special Issue 4 (2018)
A controversial and multidimensional organic farming
Jenny Priya Ekka, Novin Chamling, Swapnil, Priyanka Kumar, Niketa Tirkey and Niraj kumar
Lack of effective, economic crop protection strategies is one of the key factors limiting expansion of organic agriculture, particularly where novel or horticultural crops are being considered. India being the most resourceful land with enriched local or long-established farming system known as traditional farming credited to the existing range of agro-ecological area and to the groups of local ethnic people practicing age-old farming in these specific locations. Management of crops and pests are carried out by integrating indigenous knowledge and traditional ecological knowledge of the communities. This twin knowledge have been recognized by the world scientific communities and scientists are showing keen interest in traditional agriculture because indigenous farmers and their system may be of great help to remedy the deficiencies of pest management in modern agriculture Plant pathogens are the most important factors that cause major losses to agricultural products every year. Different itks like use of wood ash, kerosene, table salt, lime, cow urine, cow dung, some unique indigenous plants and indigenous techniques like insertion of bamboo pegs were used by the farmers for the management of various insect pests and diseases occurring in Sikkim. Besides, people also use some indigenous pest and disease resistant varieties. To minimize these losses peoples are dramatically used pesticide and fungicide that will cause toxic effect of human health. Thus, the most sustainable and environmentally acceptable control may be achieved using biocontrol agents the need of sustainable agriculture will increasingly rely on the integration of biotechnology with traditional agricultural practices.
Pages: 341-346 | 1195 Views 230 Downloads
Jenny Priya Ekka, Novin Chamling, Swapnil, Priyanka Kumar, Niketa Tirkey and Niraj kumar. A controversial and multidimensional organic farming. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2018;7(4S):341-346.