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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Special Issue 1 (2019)

Developments, current practices and perspectives of Bioremediation

Author(s):

Seema Ahuja, Navneet Kaur and Tarun Goyal

Abstract:
Environmental contamination due to anthropogenic and natural sources is increasing day by day because of increase in population, industrialization and urbanization. The enigma for the public, scientists, academicians and politicians is how to tackle the contaminants that jeopardize the environment. Advances in science and technology, since industrial revolution has also increasingly enabled humans to exploit natural resources and cause damage to the environment. The ideal solution for pollution abatement is Bioremediation, the most effective innovative technology to come along that uses biological systems for treatment of contaminants. Although, this novel and recent technology is a multidisciplinary approach, its central thrust depends on microbiology. This technology includes biostimulation (stimulating viable native microbial population), bio augmentation (artificial introduction of viable population), bioaccumulation (live cells), biosorption (dead microbial biomass), phytoremediation (plants) and rhizoremediation (plant and microbe interaction). Rhizoremediation, which is the most evolved process of bioremediation, involves the removal of specific contaminants from waste product of contaminated sites by mutual interaction of plant roots and suitable microbial flora. This paper represents an exhaustive evaluation with respect to developments, current practices and perspectives of a variety of approaches of bioremediation.

Pages: 373-377  |  1249 Views  373 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Seema Ahuja, Navneet Kaur and Tarun Goyal. Developments, current practices and perspectives of Bioremediation. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(1S):373-377.

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