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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Special Issue 5 (2019)

Evaluation of different locally available medicinal plants at Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh for their chemical composition

Author(s):

Nazim Ali, Debashis Roy, DS Sahu, Ahmad Fahim, Ajit Kumar, Deepak Singh and Raj Kumar

Abstract:
Medicinal plants are widely used in various industries like pharmaceuticals, cosmetic, agriculture and food. India is considered as goldmine of herbal medicines and popularly called as ‘medicinal garden of the world’. As an estimate, approximately 25,000 effective herbal preparations are used in traditional medicine by more than 1.5 million traditional medicinal practitioners for preventive, promotional and curative applications in India. Among those herbal plants, Giloy/guduchi (<em>Tinospora cordifolia</em>), ashwagandha (<em>Withania somnifera</em>), lemon grass (<em>Cymbopogon citratus</em>), Kalmegh (<em>Andrographis paniculata</em>), tulsi (<em>Ocimum tenuiflorum</em>), Shatavari (<em>Asparagus racemosus</em>), aloe vera (<em>Aloe vera</em>), ajooba (<em>Bryophyllum pinnatum</em>) and roselle (<em>Hibiscus sabdariffa</em>) are important to be mentioned. Though having significant use in medicine and others, these herbs are not much studied scientifically for their biological assessment. All medicinal and herbal plants were collected from the Horticulture Research Centre (HRC) of the university. Then they were dried, grinded and analyzed for dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), crude fibre (CF) and total ash (TA). The highest moisture content was found in Aloe vera. This may be due to a good amount of gel present in this plant. Tulsi (<em>Ocimum tenuiflorum</em>) was found to contain highest dry matter (49.70%). Aloe vera contained the highest amount of total ash (15.16%) which depicts high mineral content of this plant. Roselle (<em>Hibiscus sabdariffa</em>) contained the least ash content (3.04%). Kalmegh (<em>Andrographis paniculata</em>) was found to have the highest protein (18.32%) and Shatavari (<em>Asparagus racemosus</em>) was the lowest (2.56). The fat content was the highest (12.04%) in Kalmegh (<em>Andrographis paniculata</em>). More fibre content (55.32%) in giloy (<em>Tinospora cordifolia</em>) makes it unsuitable for animal feed supplementation though it contains a good amount of protein and minerals. From this study, it may be concluded that medicinal plants contain important nutrients and minerals that are useful for human as well as animal health.

Pages: 123-125  |  1309 Views  326 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Nazim Ali, Debashis Roy, DS Sahu, Ahmad Fahim, Ajit Kumar, Deepak Singh and Raj Kumar. Evaluation of different locally available medicinal plants at Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh for their chemical composition. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(5S):123-125.

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