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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Special Issue 5 (2019)

Integrated effect of organic manure and <em>Azotobacter</em> with inorganic fertilizer on soil properties, yield and quality of sugarcane plant-ratoon system under calcareous soil

Author(s):

SK Sinha, Vipin Kumar and RK Prasad

Abstract:
Field experiment were conducted for two consecutive seasons on spring sugarcane plant-ratoon system to investigate the integrated effect of organics <em>viz</em>. bio-compost (BC) and bio-methaneated distillery effluent (BMDE) with <em>Azotobacter<strong> </strong></em>on growth, yield, quality and soil fertility of sugarcane. The mean data revealed that number of millable cane (NMC), cane yield, and sugar yield varied significantly due to integrated use of organic and inorganic fertilizer with <em>Azotobacter</em> in combination both in plant and ratoon crops. The significant increase in number of millable cane (NMC), cane yield and sugar yield was recorded in the treatments receiving organic and inorganic fertilizer in combination with <em>Azotobacter</em> over control both in plant in ratoon crops. The mean data for NMC (70-98x10<sup>3</sup>/ha), cane yield (61-80.4 t/ha) and sugar yield (7.13 - 9.75 t/ha) varied significantly. The highest number of NMC (98.90 X 10<sup>3 </sup>ha<sup>-1</sup>), cane yield (80.40 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) and sugar yield (9.25 t ha<sup>-1</sup>) was recorded in treatment receiving 50% N + 100% PK through inorganic fertilizer and 50% N through BC with <em>Azotobacter </em>(@ 5kg/ha). The residual effect of treatment receiving organic and inorganic fertilizer in combination with <em>Azotobacter</em> was also pronounced on NMC (96.3 x 10<sup>3</sup> ha<sup>-1</sup>), yield (76.1 tha-1) and sugar yield (9.24 tha<sup>-1</sup>), However, treatment receiving 50% N through BMDE was found on par with application of 50% N through BMDE. Both the organic sources improved performance of sugarcane. The uptake of nutrients (NPK) by plant and ratoon followed the similar trend as cane yield. The treatment receiving RDF along with <em>Azotobacter</em> improved productivity of sugarcane significantly over control (RDF). However, the efficiency of <em>Azotobacter</em> was more pronounced under inorganic treated plots. The reduction in pH and increase in EC, organic carbon and available nutrients (NP&amp;K) of soil was recorded in treatment receiving organics either through bio-compost or BMDE. The available-N content of soil increased in <em>Azotobacter and organic </em>treated plots. The result clearly indicated that integrated use of BC / BMDE along with <em>Azotobacter</em> improved fertility status of soil with improvement in population of microbes.

Pages: 321-326  |  509 Views  42 Downloads

How to cite this article:
SK Sinha, Vipin Kumar and RK Prasad. Integrated effect of organic manure and <em>Azotobacter</em> with inorganic fertilizer on soil properties, yield and quality of sugarcane plant-ratoon system under calcareous soil. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(5S):321-326.