Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Special Issue 2 (2020)
A Comparative economic analysis of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and conventional practices of rice producer in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh state
Dronak Kumar, Naresh Kumar and Punendra Kumar
Chhattisgarh is popularly known as – “Rice bowl of India” because maximum area is under rice cultivation during
kharif and contribute major share in National rice production. It has geographical area of 13.51 million ha. of which 5.9 million hectares is under cultivation. Rice occupies an area of 3.61 million ha. with annual production 5.48 million tones & productivity of 15.17 qu/ha. It is growing area of 3.48 million hectare with a production of 6.15 million tones and productivity of 1517 kg hectare during 2014-15 and area, production and productivity reduced in the subsequent year. In Chhattisgarh rice is grown in the area of about 16.62 lakhs hectare with production of 22.27 lakhs tonnes and productivity 14.15 q/ha (in the year 2014-15) which is far below than the average national productivity (2010 kg/ha). In Chhattisgarh about 1/3rd
area of paddy is under hybrid rice particular in under irrigated production system. Rice hybrid produce about 14-18 per cent higher grain yield include a more vigorous and extensive root system Now, farmers are growing rice hybrids in lowlands and bunded uplands under irrigated ecosystem in C.G. and Dhamtari division in particular consequently. Among the total rice production in the State, more than 75.00 per cent of it’s from rainfed and less than 25.00 per cent from irrigated areas. Due to popularity of “System of Rice Intensification” (SRI method) of paddy cultivation offers opportunities to researchers and farmers to expand their understanding of potentials already existing in the rice genome.
Pages: 35-37 | 709 Views 349 Downloads
Dronak Kumar, Naresh Kumar and Punendra Kumar. A Comparative economic analysis of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and conventional practices of rice producer in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh state. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(2S):35-37.