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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 9, Special Issue 2 (2020)

Effect of migration on agricultural growth & development of KBK District of Odisha: A statistical assessment


Subrat Kumar Mahapatra and Chinmayee Patra

The Present Investigation is conducted on Effect of Migration on Agricultural growth & Development of KBK District of Odisha: A Statistical assessment. The old districts of Koraput, Balangir and Kalahandi (Popularly known as KBK districts) have since 1992-93 been divided into eight districts: Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Rayagada, Balangir, Subarnapur, Kalahandi and Nuapada. Migration is a burning socio-economic issue especially in agriculture sector and cause contraction in agricultural production. Different types of migrations include Emigration, immigration, internal migration, international migration, rural-urban migration & seasonal migration. More than 30 million people in India are seasonal migrant labourers. For Conducting the Research, secondary data collected from Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DOES), Govt. of Odisha, Odisha Agricultural Statistics Handbook, Reserve Bank of India Data & Census of India (1991, 2001& 2011). From the Present study it was found that more number of migrants was observed Bolangir & Kalahandi among the 8 KBK Districts. Work is considered as main reason for male migrants. The Major cause of rural-urban migration for education, political & social stability, searching for job, better technologies, employment & business opportunities. Kalahandi have a greater number of migrants under agriculture and allied sector. The workers are migrated to other districts as daily wage labours in different farms, industry, brick clins. The Pattern of Migration is Seasonal in nature. The migration prone districts of Odisha Includes Bargarh, Bolangir, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Sonepur, Ganjam, Gajapati, Koraput, Nowrangpur, Koraput & Khorda. From this above study, it is concluded that migration significantly depends on area and production of different crops. For all the Major crops likes Cereals, Pules & Oil Seeds crops of the state, the district having higher area & Production attracts more migrants in 2001 & 2011 Census year. The proper growth and development strategy must be implemented to utilise both manpower and natural resources Another major finding of the study are the yield of the major crops are not significantly depending on the number of migrants

Pages: 162-167  |  1873 Views  987 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Subrat Kumar Mahapatra and Chinmayee Patra. Effect of migration on agricultural growth & development of KBK District of Odisha: A statistical assessment. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(2S):162-167.

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