As a consequence of technology, research and policy initiatives, India continues to be the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables with a share of about 13.6 per cent and 14 per cent to the worldwide fruits and vegetables production respectively. Due to its significant share in the worldwide horticultural production, India is very well recognized as fruits and vegetables basket of the world India’
s varied climate and physic-geographical conditions ensures availability of all kinds of horticultural crops such as fresh fruits and vegetables, spices, nuts, flowers and plantation crops (cocoa, cashew nut, and coconut). As per the NHB database (2016-17) India produced about 92.8 million tons of fruits and 175 million tonnes of vegetables with 6.40 million hectares and 10.30 million hectares land under fruits and vegetables cultivation, respectively. Chhattisgarh state are Mango, Guava, Lime, Litchi, Cashew-nut”, Cheeku etc., apart from these major fruit crops minor fruits like Custard apple, Bael, Ber, Anola etc., are also grown both as cultivated and wild crop. The total area of the fruit crops in the state is” 26,1,512 hectares. Along with the production of 25,92,450 million tonnes in the year 2017-2018. Fruit production in Chhattisgarh contributes 25.27 per cent of total horticultural crops. Mango is having highest area among the fruit crops followed by banana, papaya, and guava while in terms of fruit production.
Naresh Kumar, Dr. BC Jain and Dr. MR Chandrakar. A study on cost of cultivation and post-harvest losses of banana in Bilaspur District of Chhattisgarh State. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(2S):434-439.