Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Special Issue 3 (2020)
A study on davanam under contract farming in Karnataka
KS Shashank Yadav, K Shivaramu, MS Ganapathy and MA Murthy
The research study was conducted during 2019-20 in Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka, India. In total 80 Davanam farmers under contract farming constituted the sample size of the study. The data were collected by employing personal interview method using pre-tested interview schedule. Ex-post-facto research design was used for the research study. Mean, Standard Deviation, Frequency, Percentage Grouping, t-test and Garrett’s ranking statistical tools were used for analyzing the data. The results revealed that in Rabi season farmers grow Davanam in 71.67 per cent of total grossed cropped area .The Davanam has the highest B:C ratio at 2.73 with the cost at Rs.87,290, gross returns at Rs.2,37,800 and net returns at Rs.1,50,642. The farmers were happy with the higher returns realized from Davanam compared to other crops. The contract farming had positive and significant impact on the social variables- organizational participation and extension contact and economic variables-annual income, savings and material possession. Cent per cent of Davanam farmers had written agreement with the companies and cent per cent of payment was made through cheque. Cent per cent of the farms were visited by the supervisors of the contracting company during seedbed preparation, Plant protection (85.00%), planting (82.50%) and weeding (63.75%). The major production problems reported were non-availability of skilled labours (75.15%), high wage rate (70.21%), incidence of pests and diseases (55.75%) and lack of technical guidance (50.90%). The major marketing problems were irregular payment by the company (70.63%) and manipulation of norms by the firms (56.01%). The major environmental problems were high water requirement (76.55%) and high intake of inputs (69.51%). Advance to the farmers by the company to take up timely production (97.50%), higher price to the produce (95.00%), regular payment by the company (93.75%), on time supply of inputs by the company (88.75%) and crop loan by the financial institutions (73.75%) were suggested by majority of farmers to make contract farming more effective.
Pages: 80-84 | 1199 Views 468 Downloads
KS Shashank Yadav, K Shivaramu, MS Ganapathy and MA Murthy. A study on davanam under contract farming in Karnataka. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(3S):80-84.