Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Special Issue 4 (2020)
Diversification of existing farming system under marginal household condition in Maharashtra State
Dr. JS Kumbhar, PM Chaudhari and Dr. SK Ghodke
Diversification is need based and important in agriculture sector for increasing the productivity and sustainability by replacing the existing cultivar in particular area. Agricultural diversification involves movement of resources from low value commodity to high value commodity mix. It focuses mainly on horticulture, dairy, poultry and fisheries sector. A Field experiment was conducted on cultivator’s field during Kharif
season of 2017-18 on medium black soil in scarcity zone of Satara district in Western Maharashtra. The diversification is carried on farmers field by replacing existing cultivar by university released varieties and technology. In Phaltan and Khandala blocks of Satara district four types of farming systems viz., 1.Crop + Dairy + Goatery + Poultry, 2. Crop + Dairy + Goatery, 3. Crop + Dairy + Poultry and 4. Crop +Dairy were identified. The major cropping systems was Green gram- Chickpea, The annual average net income of four types of farming systems of selected farmers was increased by 14.79 per cent as compared over the benchmark. The average net intervention cost of all components was `8139. The benefit cost ratio was highest in farming system No.1, i.e. Crop + Dairy + Goatery + Poultry i.e. 2.24 after interventions in all four components. Therefore, the farming system Crop +Dairy+ Goatery+ Poultry was found best suitable for getting sustainable and maximum net income in Khandala and Phaltan blocks of Satara district. In capacity building module, before pre score was 51 and the same was increased to 77. After training in respect of skill up gradation the farmers adopted improved package of practices in field crops, livestock, processing and horticulture components.
Pages: 474-477 | 688 Views 175 Downloads
Dr. JS Kumbhar, PM Chaudhari and Dr. SK Ghodke. Diversification of existing farming system under marginal household condition in Maharashtra State. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(4S):474-477.