Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
Vol. 9, Special Issue 5 (2020)
Economic analysis of black rice cultivation
NV Shende, VJ Rathod, UT Dangore and NT Bagde
The present study Economic Analysis of Black Rice Cultivation was undertaken with a view, to study the socio-economic characteristics of selected cultivator, to estimate the cost and returns and to identify the constraints in production of Black Rice. For the present study primary dada was collected from 30 farmers of thirteen villages from five tahsils of Nagpur district for year 2019-20. The standard cost concept was used to estimate cost of cultivation, The perception regarding constraints for cultivation of Black Rice in Nagpur district were tabulated and interpreted.
The total average family size was 5 members. Only 6.67 per cent black rice growers are illiterate and rest of them have educated. The gross cropped area was 8.24 ha and the cropping intensity was 161.25 per cent. The per cent share of area under kharif crop was higher 62.01 per cent fallowed by the rabi crop 37.99 per cent. The labour was the major input for black rice cultivation, i.e. 38.53 per cent. The total human labour required was 83.13 mandays per hectare. The percentage share of cost A and cost B were 62.59 per cent, whereas 98.92 per cent in total cost. The cost A and cost B incurred by the farmers in the cultivation of black rice was Rs. 57295.48 and Rs. 90554.15 per hectare respectively. The per quintal cost of production of black rice was Rs. 3493.09. The per hectare net returns received by the farmers was Rs. 126486.78, Rs. 93228.11 and Rs. 92241.02 at cost “A”, “B” and “C” respectively. The input-output ratio at cost A was 3.21. However, at cost “C” input-output ratio was 2.01. It indicates that the black rice cultivation was profitable.100 per cent farmer express the unavailability of high yielding seed was the major constraint in the district. It is also observed that the production technology is lacking in the area which stated by the farmer. The attack of wild animal on crop was major problem which was expressed by 25 (83.33 per cent) farmers.
Pages: 318-322 | 258 Views 117 Downloads
NV Shende, VJ Rathod, UT Dangore and NT Bagde. Economic analysis of black rice cultivation. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9(5S):318-322.