Harjit Kaur Bajwa, Oinam Santosh and C Nirmala
Although appreciable advancements have been made in food processing and preservation technology; world is still struggling to provide food, health and nutrition security to large part of the population. Simultaneously, agriculture is also facing countless challenges, such as scarcity of water, decline in the size of land and adverse impact of climate change. Presently, global food security is mainly dependent on wheat, rice and maize. Meanwhile, there are hundreds of lesser known species also called underutilized species including bamboo with known economic value can play a key role in promoting food security and health. Bamboo is a fast-growing plant and can grow on degraded and marginal lands. Bamboo shoot, being nutritionally extremely rich has proved good potential for food and nutritional security and health for local communities. Freshly harvested bamboo shoot is a good source of proteins, fiber, minerals, vitamins and amino acids. Several value-added products have been prepared using fresh or fermented shoots of different bamboo species and these products occupy a significant position in the 21st century.
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