SD Kale, NJ Chikhale and SS Thakare
In this study an attempt has been made to study the temporal changes in input output prices and cost of cultivation of Tur in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra State. For the conduction of present study the data on input output prices and cost of cultivation of tur was collected from Agricultural Prices and Costs Scheme, Dr. Panjabral Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. Every year 50 farmers were selected for present study. Simple tabular analysis was used to analyze the temporal changes in the cost of cultivation of tur. Cost structure of tur was analyzed by working out the share of each item of cost in the total cost of cultivation. The changes in the structure of cost of cultivation of tur was assessed by comparing the cost structure of each crop during the latest years with that of early years. The share of total temporal change as assignable to individual cost components was also ascertained. The present study reveals that, at current prices in tur, all inputs showed an increasing trend during the period of study except bullock labour price and FYM price. The prices of seed, fertilizer and human labour was increased by 10.67, 8.61 and 6.89 per cent per annum respectively. While the output price of tur at current price was increased by 8.14 per cent per annum. It is also evident from the table that between 2010-11 to 2019-2020, the output-input price parity were decreased during year 2010-2011 to 2012-2013, 2014-15. And from 2017-18, to 2018-19, increased in the subsequent years, indicating there by in the year 2010-11, to 2012-13 and 2014-15, and from 2017-18 to 2018-19 the output price were lower than input price and term of trade was unfavourable for tur growers. However, the term of trade was favourable for the tur growers in the remaining years.
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