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Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Vol. 8, Issue 2 (2019)

Minimal soil disturbance and residue retention increasing soil organic stocks and soil microbial biomass in Typic Ustochrept soil: A review

Author(s):

Saurabh Tyagi, Shivi Tyagi, NC Mahajan, Raj Kumar, Pulkit Sharma and RK Naresh

Abstract:
Soil organic carbon (SOC) and its fractions (labile and non-labile) including particulate organic carbon (POC) and its components [coarse POC and fine POC], light fraction organic carbon (LFOC), readily oxidizable organic carbon, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) are important for sustainability of any agricultural production system as they govern most of the soil properties, and hence soil quality and health. Being a food source for soil microorganisms, they also affect microbial activity. Tillage regimes that contribute to greater aggregation also improved soil microbial activity. Soil OC and MBC were at their highest levels for 1.0–2.0 mm aggregates, suggesting a higher biological activity at this aggregate size for the ecosystem. Compared with CT treatments, NT treatments increased MBC by11.2%, 11.5%, and 20%, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration by 15.5% 29.5%, and 14.1% of bulk soil, >0.25 mm aggregate, and <0.25 mm aggregate in the 0−5 cm soil layer, respectively. The portion of 0.25–2 mm aggregates, mean weight diameter (MWD) and geometric mean diameter (GMD) of aggregates from ST and NT treatments were larger than from CT at both 0–15- and 15–30-cm soil depths. Positive significant correlations were observed between SOC, labile organic C fractions, MWD, GMD, and macro-aggregate (0.25–2 mm) C within the upper 15 cm. Moreover, NT treatments significantly increased SOC concentration of bulk soil, >0.25 aggregate, and <0.25 mm aggregate in the 0−5 cm soil layer by 5.8%, 6.8% and 7.9% relative to CT treatments, respectively. S treatments had higher SOC concentration of bulk soil (12.9%), >0.25 mm aggregate (11.3%), and <0.25 mm aggregate (14.1%) than NS treatments. Compared with CT treatments, NT treatments increased MBC by 11.2%, 11.5%, and 20%, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration by 15.5%, 29.5%, and 14.1% of bulk soil, >0.25 mm aggregate, and <0.25 mm aggregate in the 0−5 cm soil layer, respectively. Compared with NS treatments, S treatments significantly increased MBC by 29.8%, 30.2%, and 24.1%, and DOC concentration by 23.2%, 25.0%, and 37.5% of bulk soil, >0.25 mm aggregate, and <0.25 mm aggregate in the 0−5 cm soil layer, respectively. In conclusion, soil organic carbon fractions (SOC), and microbial biomasses in the macro-aggregates are more sensitive to conservation tillage (CT) than in the micro-aggregates. Soil aggregation regulates the distributions of SOC and microbial parameters in Typic Ustochrept soil.

Pages: 1172-1178  |  774 Views  163 Downloads


Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
How to cite this article:
Saurabh Tyagi, Shivi Tyagi, NC Mahajan, Raj Kumar, Pulkit Sharma and RK Naresh. Minimal soil disturbance and residue retention increasing soil organic stocks and soil microbial biomass in Typic Ustochrept soil: A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8(2):1172-1178.

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